How Baccarat Crystals Are Made


Baccarat is often seen as a game reserved for high rollers or suave patrons like James Bond. But the truth is that baccarat is one of the easiest casino games to play, and it also happens to have a lower house edge than most other games.

The history of Baccarat is a bit murky, but most historians agree that the game’s roots can be traced to Italy and France. The word “baccarat” is actually an Italian word meaning zero, which ties in with the game’s name as all picture cards and tens have a value of zero.

In its early days, the Baccarat factory produced windows, mirrors and tableware. It would not be until the 19th Century that the company’s output would broaden significantly, both in terms of style and techniques. Baccarat was a star performer at the Great Exhibitions of the time and, in particular, at the 1867 Paris Exposition Universelle where it displayed a monumental crystal fountain. This led to the firm’s first royal commission from the restored Bourbon king, Charles X.

At a basic level, the process of making Baccarat glass is similar to other forms of glassmaking. The raw ingredients are heated together in furnaces that can reach temperatures of around 1500 degrees Celsius. When the molten glass has reached this temperature, it is either blown or pulled into the desired shape. Once the shape has been formed, the glass is then decorated. This can involve etching, carving, or acid engraving.

Engraving involves cutting into the surface of the glass to create a design. This can be done with a copper grindstone or, more commonly, with acid. Acid engraving is the oldest technique, and it involves covering the surface of the glass with bitumen, a tough tar-like substance that shows the negative of the engraved pattern. The glass is then dipped in acid which cuts away at the uncovered area. The engraved glass is then polished to reveal the design.

In addition to etching, carving and acid engraving, Baccarat glass may also be decorated with gold powder which is fused onto the surface of the glass. It is also sometimes gilded, with the gold being applied in tiny particles. The finished product is then polished again to give it a shiny finish.

Today, Baccarat is one of the most popular table games in casinos around the world. It is played on tables which are usually about the size of a craps table, and up to 12 players can take part in each round. The game can be found in both offline and online casinos, and is available to play for real money as well as for free. Baccarat is a simple game to play, with just three major wagering options: betting on the Player or Banker, and betting on a tie. The goal is to get as close to nine without going over. A winning Player or Banker hand will pay out your wager depending on your stake.